Agra became the capital of Sikandar Lodhi in 1501
, but was soon
passed on to the Mughals, and both Babur & Humayun made some early
Mughal constructions here. It was under Akbar that Agra first aspired to its
heights of magnificence. From 1570 to 1585 he ruled from nearby Fatehpur
Sikri. When he abandoned that city he moved to Lahore (now in Pakistan), but
returned to Agra on 1599 and remained there until his death in 1605.
Jahan is the name inevitably connected with Agra. He built Jama Masjid
most of the palace buildings inside the Agra Fort and, of course, the Taj
Mahal. In 1638 a new capital-complete with a Red Fort and Jama Masjid- were
started in Delhi and the capital wsa moved there in 1648.
In 1761, Agra fell to the Jats who did much damage to the city and the
monuments, even going so far as to the pillage the Taj Mahal. In turn it was
taken by the Marathas in 1770 and went through several more changes before
the British took control in 1803. There was much fighting around the fort
during the Mutiny in 1857.
At the time of the Mughals, in the 16th & 17th centuaries, Agra was
the capital of India
, and its superb monuments date from that era. Agra
has a magnificent fort and the building, which many people come to India
solely to see- Taj Mahal.
Situated on the banks of the Yamuna River, Agra, is much like any other
north Indian city, once you're away from its imposing Mughal monuments.